PREGNANCY (hCG) TEST

Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a glycoprotein hormone secreted by the developing placenta shortly after fertilization. In normal pregnancy hCG can be detected in serum as early as 7 days following conception, dubling every 1.3 to 2 days and reading 100mlU/ml at the first missed menstrual period. One step pregnancy test device is a qualitative, sandwich dye conjugate immunoassay for the determination of human hCG in urine. The method employs a unique combination of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies to selectively identify hCG in test sample with high degree of sensitivity.

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1. In case of coloured line within 3 minutes, wait for another minute. Sometimes it may take a positive result another minute or less depending on the concentration of hCG (human Chorionic Gonadotropin, a hormone produced by the body produces during pregnancy). Results are invalid after10minutes.
2. As soon as you miss your period, you can perform the test, even as early as the first day of the missed period.
3. Miscalculation of period days can also result in negative test result. Repeat after a week.
4. For best results, use of early morning urine is best as it is usually the most concentrated with most hCG, though it can be done at any time of the day.
5. hCG with Infertility drug will interfere with test results resulting in false positive.
6. Drinking large amounts of fluids before the test can dilute the hormone levels in the urine giving inaccurate results.
7. As with any other diagnostic test, confirmed pregnancy diagnosis should only be made by a Registered Medical Practitioner.
8. Before Starting any Endocrinology treatment under the supervision of a Registered Medical Practitioner, confirm the pregnancy by other means.

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Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a glycoprotein hormone secreted by the developing placenta shortly after fertilization. In normal pregnancy hCG can be detected in serum as early as 7 days following conception, dubling every 1.3 to 2 days and reading 100mlU/ml at the first missed menstrual period. One step pregnancy test device is a qualitative, sandwich dye conjugate immunoassay for the determination of human hCG in urine. The method employs a unique combination of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies to selectively identify hCG in test sample with high degree of sensitivity.

Ovulation (LH) Test

Ovulation is the release of an egg from the ovary. The egg passes into the fallopian tube where it is ready to be fertilized. In order for pregnancy to occur, the egg must be fertilized by sperm within 24 hours after its release. Immediately prior to ovulation, the body produces a large amount of luteinizing hormone (LH). Pregaplan Test Device detects human luteinizing hormone through visual interpretation of color development on the device. It is a complete system to help you predict the time of ovulationand peak fertility. It is during this fertile time that pregnancy is most likely to occur. Pregaplan Ovulation Test Device detects the LH surge in urine, signaling that ovulation is likely to occur in the next 24-36 hours.

HIV SURE

HIV is the etiologic agent of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Of all the HIV types, HIV type 1 has been isolated from patients with AIDS and AIDS-related complex, and from healthy people with a high risk for developing AIDS and HIV type 2 has been isolated from West African AIDS patients and from seropositive asymptomatic individuals. Both HIV-1 and -2 elicit immune responses in human. Testing human serum or plasma for the presence of HIV antibodies has proven an effective aid in determining whether an individual has been exposed to HIV and in screening blood products for possible HIV infection.

HEPATITIS B (HBsAg)TEST

Hepatitis B is transmitted sexually or intravenously and has an incubation period of six months. If not diagnosed properly and in time, it can develop in to acute or chronic infection, liver cirrhosis and fulminant hepatitis. The test method uses monoclonal antibody conjugated to colloidal gold and polyclonal antibody immobilized on a nitrocellulose strip in a thin line. If the sample contains HBsAg, the colloidal gold-antibody (mouse) conjugate binds to the antigen forming an antigen antibody-colloidal gold complex. The complexes then migrate through the nitrocellulose strip by capillary action which is stopped by an immobilized antibody zone forming a color band.

Hepatitis C (HCV) Test

Hepatitis C is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) that primarily affects the liver.The HCV One Step Rapid Test is a lateral flow chromatographic immunoassay based on the principle of the double antigen–sandwich technique. The membrane is coated with recombinant HCV antigen on the test line region of the device. During testing, the serum or plasma specimen reacts with the HCV antigen coated particles.Presence of this coloured line indicates a positive Result.

Malaria (P.f./ P.v.) Antigen Test

Malaria remains one of the most serious tropical and subtropical diseases in many countries of the world. It is rampant in most areas of the tropics. One step malaria Pf/Pv antigen Test contains a membrane strip, which is pre-coated with two monoclonal antibodies as two separate lines across a test strip. One monoclonal antibody (test line 1) is specific to the P. falciparum histidine rich protein -2 (pf HRP II ) and another monoclonal antibody (test line 2) is pan specific to lactate Dehydrogenase (Pan LDH) of plasmodium species (P.Falciparum,Vivax,Malariae,Ovale).

Malaria (P.f./ P.v.) Antibody Test

Malaria is casued by a parasite that is transmitted from one person to person by the bite of infected Anopheles mosquitoes. One Step Malaria P.f. / P.v. antibody Test is an immunochromatographic (rapid) test for the qualitative detection of antibodies of all isotopes (IgG,IgM,IgA) specific to Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax simultaneously in human serum, plasma or whole blood. Test contains a membrane stripe, pre-coated with recombinant malaria Pf capture antigen (MSP, CSP) on test band 1 region and with recombinant malaria Pv antigen (MSP, CSP) on test band 2 region.

HIV 1/2 Rapid Test

HIV is the etiologic agent of Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Testing human serum or plasma for the presence of HIV antibodies has proven an effective aid in determining whether an individual has been exposed to HIV. The HIV I & II Rapid Human Immunodeficiency Virus Test (Serum/Plasma) is a lateral flow chromatographic immunoassay based on the principle of the double antigen–sandwich technique. The membrane is coated with recombinant HIV recombinant antigens on the test line region of the device. When a specimen is applied at one end of the membrane, it reacts with HIV recombinant antigen coated gold conjugate in the test. If the serum or plasma contains antibodies to HIV-1 or HIV-2, a colored line will appear in the test line region, showing a positive result.

HIV 1/2/0 Rapid Test

The HIV Triline (1/2/0) Rapid Human Immunodeficiency Virus Test is a lateral flow chromatographic immunoassay based on the principle of the double antigen–sandwich technique. The membrane is coated with recombinant HIV 1 and HIV 2 recombinant antigens in the test line region 1 and 2 of the device. When a specimen is applied at one end of the membrane, it reacts with HIV recombinant antigen coated gold conjugate in the test. The mixture then migrates chromatographically by capillary action and reacts with the recombinant HIV recombinant antigens on the membrane in the test line region. If the specimen contains antibodies to HIV-1 or HIV-2, a colored line will appear in the test line region 1 & 2, showing a positive result.

Dengue NS 1 Rapid Test

Dengue viruses, transmitted by the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, are widely distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical areas of the world.The Dengue NS1 Antigen Rapid Test is a qualitative membrane strip based immunoassay for the detection of dengue virus NS1 antigen in Whole Blood /Serum / Plasma. In this test procedure, anti-Dengue NS1 antibody is immobilized in the test line region of the device. After a Whole Blood/Serum/Plasma specimen is placed in the specimen well, it reacts with anti-Dengue NS1 antibody coated particles that have been applied to the specimen pad. If the specimen contains dengue virus NS1 antigen, a colored line will appear in the test line region indicating a positive result.

Syphilis (VDRL)Test

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum.The Syphilis Ultra Rapid Test Device (Whole Blood/Serum/Plasma) is a qualitative membrane device based immunoassay for the detection of TP antibodies (IgG and IgM) in whole blood, serum or plasma. In this test procedure, recombinant Syphilis antigen is immobilized in the test line region of the device. After a specimen is added to the specimen well of the device, it reacts with Syphilis antigen coated particles in the test. This mixture migrates chromatographically along the length of the test strip and interacts with the immobilized Syphilis antigen. The double antigen test format can detect both IgG and IgM in specimens. If the specimen contains TP antibodies, a colored line will appear in the test line region, indicating a positive result.

Troponin I TEST (CARDIAC MARKER)

After cardiac injury occurs, Troponin I is released into the blood 4-6 hours after the onset of pain.Troponin I remains elevated for 6-10 days, thus providing for a longer window of detection for cardiac injury.The Troponin I Rapid Test Device has been designed to detect cardiac Troponin I through visual interpretation of color development in the strip. The membrane is immobilized with anti-cTnI antibodies on the test region. During the test, the specimen is allowed to react with colored anti-cTnI antibodies colloidal gold conjugates, which are precoated on the sample pad of the test. The mixture then moves on the membrane by a capillary action, and interact with reagents onthe membrane. If there are enough cTnI in specimens, a colored band will form at the test region of the membrane. Presence of this colored band indicates a positive result.

Typhoid Rapid Test Card

Typhoid fever is caused by S. typhi, a Gram-negative bacterium. World-wide an estimated 17 million cases and 600,000 associated deaths occur annually. Patients who are infected with HIV are at significantly increased risk of clinical infection with S. typhi2. Evidence of h. pylori infection also presents an increase risk of acquiring typhoid fever. 1-5% of patients become chronic carrier harboring S. typhi in the gallbladder. The clinical diagnosis of typhoid fever depends on the isolation of S. typhi from blood, bone marrow or a specific anatomic lesion in the facilities that cannot afford to perform this complicated and time consuming procedure, Widal Test (also referred as Weil-Felix Test) is used to facilitate the diagnosis. However, many limitations lead to difficulties in the interpretation of the Widal test 3, 4. In contrast, the Typhoid Rapid Test Cassette is a simple and rapid laboratory test. The test simultaneously detects and differentiates the IgG and the IgM antibodies to S. typhi specific antigen5 in whole blood, serum or plasma thus aid in the determination of current or previous exposure the S. typhi.

Zika IgG/IgM virus Antigen Rapid Test

One step Zika IgG/IgM antibody Test is a repid , Qualitative and convenient Immunochromatographic in Vitro assay for the deferential detection of IgG/IM antibodies to Zika virus in humon serum, plasma and whole blood samples. This assay only provides a preliminary result. Clinical expertise and professional judgment should be sought to further
avaluate the result of the test.

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